Botanical Name : Sesbania Grandifiora
English Name : Swamp Pea /sesbania Seeds
Other Name : Sesvania/agasti
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Sesbania grandiflora also known as agate or hummingbird tree is a small tree in the genus Sesbania and is believed to have originated either in India or Southeast Asia and grows primarily in hot and humid tropical areas of the world. Commonly it is known as caturay, katurai, corkwood tree, scarlet wisteria, sesban, vegetable hummingbird in English, agati a grandes fleurs in French, Ta-Hua in Chinese, Agasti in Nepali, Baculo in Spanish, A Ga Sta in Tibetan and lots more. Sesbania grandiflora belonging to family Leguminosae and contains plenty of sterols, saponins and tannins which are liable for its various pharmacological properties and has been widely used in Ayurveda for processing of several formulations in Rasashastra. Leaves, seeds, pods and flowers of S. grandiflora are edible. Flowers are the most widely used part, and white flowers are preferred to the red. The tree has a life span of about 20 years.
|Scientific Name||Sesbania grandiflora|
|Native||South Asia and Southeast Asia with possibly Indonesia|
|Common/English Name||Agathi, Agati Sesbania, August Flower, Australian Corkwood Tree, Corkwood Tree, Flamingo Bill, Grandiflora, Hummingbird Tree, Scarlet Wisteria Tree, Sesban, Sesbania, Swamp Pea, Tiger Tongue, Vegetable-Hummingbird, West Indian Pea, West Indian Pea Tree, White Dragon Tree|
|Name in Other Languages||Persian : Sīsabān
Arabic : Saysabān
Vietnamese : So Ðũa
Burmese : Pauk-Pan
German : Kolibribaum
Chamorro : Caturay
Sri Lanka : Katurumurunga Kolle
Khmer : Ângkiëdèi
Creole Patois : Pwa Valet
Palauan : Katurai
Dutch : Agati
Caribbean : Colibri Vegetal
Hawaiian : Ohai Ke‘Oke‘O
India : Bak Phool ( Assamese )
Spanish : Baculo
Indonesia : Bunga Turi
Portuguese : Agasto
Chinese : Ta-Hua
Japanese : Agachi
Slovakian : Sezbánia Veľkokvetá
Korean : A Ga Ti
Czech : Sesbánie Velkokvětá
Nepali : Agasti
Tahitian : Afai
French : Agati A Grandes Fleurs
Russian : Sesbania Krupnotsvetkovaia
Malaysia : Turi
Samoan : Sepania
Philippines : Diana ( Bagobo )
Thailand : Khae Daeng ( Chiang Mai )
Laotian : Kh’ê: Kha:W
Tibetan : A Ga Sta
|Plant Growth Habit||Small, open-branched, unarmed, perennial tree|
|Growing Climate||Thrives under full exposure to sunshine and is extremely frost sensitive.|
|Soil||Wide range of soils including those that are poor and waterlogged. It tolerates saline and alkaline soils and has some tolerance to acidic soils|
|Plant Size||15m tall and 25-30 cm in diameter;|
|Root||Heavily nodulated with large nodules.|
|Bark||Light gray, corky and deeply furrowed and the wood are soft and white.|
|Leaf||Glaucous, deep green, pinnately compound to 30 cm long with 20–40 pairs of opposite to alternate leaflets|
|Leaflets||Oblong, to elliptical, obtuse apex, about 2–3 cm long.|
|Flower Shape & Size||Quite large, 7–9 cm long, corolla with standard and wings, staminal tube and glabrous ovary and style|
|Flower Color||White or deep pink to red|
|Flower Taste||Acrid, bitter, and astringent|
|Pods||Pendent, slender, long (20-60 cm) and thin (6-9 mm) with broad sutures, cylindric, green, indehiscent containing 15–50 seeds.|
|Seed||Beanlike, elliptical, red brown, 6-8 in a pod, 3.5 mm, each weighting 1 g.|
|Major Nutrition||Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 14.6 mg (16.22%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 20 µg (5.00%)
Iron, Fe 0.17 mg (2.13%)
Selenium, Se 0.2 mg (1.82%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.017 mg (1.42%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.016 mg (1.23%)
Carbohydrate 1.35 g (1.04%)
Tryptophan 0.004 g (0.91%)
Phosphorus, P 6 mg (0.86%)
Isoleucine 0.014 g (0.84%)
|Health Benefits||· Lower blood pressure and help keep arteries flexible
· Supports normal fetal development
· Beneficial for skin
· Boosts immunity
· Prevents Alzheimer’s disease
|Calories in 1cup (100gm)||5 Kcal|
Health benefits of Sesbania
The health benefit of Sesbania include lower blood pressure and help keep arteries flexible, supports normal fetal development, beneficial for skin, boosts immunity, prevents Alzheimer’s disease, migraine, weakness. The health benefits of Sesbania make it an important constituent of any diet.
How to Eat
- Young leaves, flowers and young pods are used in curries and soups, lightly fried, steamed or boiled in Asia.
- Young, tender pods are cooked similarly to other green beans.
- Leaves and young tender pods are used as flavoring items in the cuisine of South India.
- Leaves are added to ‘sodhi’, widely eaten, thin coconut gravy in Sri Lanka.
- Tender leaves, young green pods and flowers are eaten alone as a vegetable or mixed into curries or salads in India.
- Young leaves are chopped and sautéed, perhaps with spices, onion or coconut milk.
- Seeds are high in protein (33.7 %) and are eaten as famine food in India.
- Flowers may be dipped in batter and fried in butterin India.
- Flowers after removal of the bitter stamens are consumed as vegetables raw or cooked in Southeast Asian countries, namely, Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Ilocos region of the Philippines and also in Bihar, India.
- Young shoots and leaves are blanched and eaten with chili paste ‘nam prik kapi’ or ‘nam prik plaa raa’ in Thailand.
- Young flowers are used as an ingredient in sour curry soups such as ‘kaeng som’.
- Flowers are also consumed raw.
- Unopened white flowers are a common vegetable, steamed or cooked in soups and stews after removal of the stamen and calyx in Philippines.
- Flowers are used in soups or stir-fry with meat in Vietnam.
- Leaves are cooked in coconut milk or curry, and the flowers are commonly used raw in ‘ulam’ or cooked as vegetables as are the young pods in Peninsular Malaysia.
- One popular dish is ‘duan turi’ cooked in coconut gravy with shrimp paste, dried pounded shrimps, pumpkinand chilies in Sarawak.
- In Indonesia young leaves and pods eaten as sepan (steamed vegetables) and the flowers are used for making sayor or lalab.
- ‘Petjel’ (sauce) can be made of the flowers by adding ‘sambal kacang’.
Other Traditional uses and benefits of Sesbania
- Grandiflora is described to be aperient, diuretic, laxative, emetic, emenagogue, febrifuge, and tonic and used as a folk remedy for bruises, catarrh, dysentery, sore throat, eyes, fevers, stomatitis, headaches, smallpox and sores.
- Bark, roots, leaves, gum and flowers are considered medicinal.
- Sesbania grandiflos is extensively used in Ayurveda for the treatment of diseases and for processing of numerous formulations in Rasashastra.
- Ayurvedics, prescribe S. grandiflora for anaemia, bronchitis, fever, pain, thirst, ozena and quartan fever.
- Yuani considers the tonic levels useful in biliousness, fever and nyctalopia.
- In the indigenous system of medicine in India, Sesbania grandiflora is claimed to be useful for various ailments, and one such use is for the treatment of renal calculi.
- One traditional use of S. grandiflora is in the treatment of smoke-related diseases.
- Sesbania grandiflora is extensively used in Indian folk medicine for the treatment of liver disorders.
- Various parts of this plant are used in Indian traditional medicine for the treatment of a broad spectrum of illness like rheumatism, leprosy, gout and liver disorders.
- Bark is described to cure diarrhea, snakebite, dysentery, paludism, malaria, eruptive fever, smallpox, scabies, and ulcer and stomach disorders in children.
- Indians apply the roots in rheumatism and the juice of the leaves and flowers for headache and nasal catarrh.
- The Yanadi tribe in the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh used the flowers for cataract, conjunctivitis, kidney and bladder stones and alopecia.
- The bark is considered tonic and is bitter the bark extract acts as aperient and larger doses are emetic, and small doses are prescribed for dysentery and other bowel complaints.
- Bark extract is recommended for ulceration of the tongue and alimentary tract.
- In Java, it is used for thrush and infantile disorders of the stomach.
- Dried powdered bark is used as cosmetic in Java.
- An infusion of the leaves is used as aperients, leaf juice suggested for dim vision and the leaves boiled in vinegar or arrack applied to sprains.
- Bark is used in infusions for smallpox.
- An herbal preparation of dried powered leaves mixed with leaves of Citrus lime, Parkia seeds and wood ash moistened with vinegar is rubbed on the abdomen for a fortnight after confinement.
- Leaf juice is taken to reduce nose inflammation and cough and to expel mucus in Malaysia.
- Cortex is used to treat dysentery, indigestion and diarrhea in Vietnam.
- Pounded bark is employed for haemoptysis; the powdered bark is also recommended for ulcers of the mouth and alimentary canal in Philippines.
- Leaves are chewed to disinfect the mouth and throat.
- A tea made from the leaves is believed to have antibiotic, anthelmintic, anti-tumor and contraceptive properties.
- Leaf juice extract is used for nasal drops to relieve headache, coryza, fever associated with indigestion and heaviness, and remittent fever.
- Leaf juice extract is also used in the treatment of epilepsy.
- In cases of snake bite, the bark of white flower variety grinded with water and administered internally.
- grandiflora is an important source of firewood, forage, pulp and paper, food, medicine, green manure and shade tree and has potential for reforesting eroded and grassy wastelands throughout the tropics.
- Small tree is often grown as a light shade tree for companion plants such asturmeric, galangal and ginger and as a live support tree for climbing plants such as black pepper and betel
- It is also grown as an ornamental in home gardens, as living fences and as windbreak.
- Tree is also grown around fields, eroded hill slopes and wastelands as it is planted to ameliorate soils and improve their fertility, especially their nitrogen content.
- In South Asia and Southeast Asia, its foliage is appreciated as fodder for cattle and goats.
- The fast-growing seedlings and the tree foliage make excellent green manure.
- In Java, the tree is expansively used as a pulp source.
- The trunks may be used for light construction like bamboos and have been used as poles for temporary shelters and sheds, but they may not last very long due to rots and insect infestation.
- The bark yields a tanning agent.
- The gum exuding from a cut in the bark has properties of gum Arabic and is used by fisher-folks for toughening nets and lines.
- An aqueous extract of bark is said to be toxic to cockroaches.
- The inner fibrous bark and the white, soft wood can be used for cork.
- The leaves also have medicinal value and are reported to cure night blindness in cattle.
- Grandiflora is widely planted for beautification because of its giant showy flowers and long pods.
|Sesbania Seed (machine cleaned)|
|Foreign Matter||1% (Max)|
|Packing||In strong pp bags 30/50 kg packing net/gross|
|I.T.C. H.S. Code||12099990|